Engineering is the discipline that deals with the study and application of the knowledge that this and experience result, so that through designs, techniques and problems can be solved the different problems affecting humanity.
Engineering will basically require a tight knowledge and management of mathematics on the one hand and of the natural sciences, on the other, to develop economic forms that allow to use certain materials and the forces of nature in Absolute benefit of the environment and of humanity.
But also, engineering, goes a little further than this and then it will also use scientific knowledge to put them at the service of the invention, refinement and use of any type of technology.
Although Engineering is an absolutely human activity, therefore it should come accompanying man practically from its origins as such, in fact, its specific field of knowledge is closely linked to the beginning of the Industrial Revolution.
The individuals who dedicate their professional life to this requirement are known as engineers.
Engineers and their professional life
Their scope of action is very varied, they can work in an institution providing services or in a company designing artifacts that use adequately the energy that is supplied to them.
Its substantive activity could be said to be aimed at the creation, conservation and supervision of mechanical, hydraulic or thermal systems that allow to manage energy and movement in an efficient manner. However, most mechanical engineers become administrators of human, financial or technological resources.
Some of the job offers for mechanical engineers are concentrated in the following fields:
Design of equipment, machinery and installations
Maintenance of machinery and facilities
Design, operation and control of manufacturing processes or manufacturing
Purchases of materials with specific technical characteristics
- Research: Search for new knowledge and techniques, study and Work field.
- Development: Use of new knowledge and techniques.
- Design: Specify Solutions.
- Production: Processing of raw materials into products.
- Construction: Bring to reality the design solution.
- Operation: Maintenance and management Process to optimize productivity.
- Sales: Offer services, tools and products.
- Administration: Participate in Problem solving. Plan, organize, program, direct and control the construction and industrial assembly of all kinds of engineering works.
Principal Skills of an engineer
Convergent Thinking (only the necessary data is taken).
Divergent Thinking (ability to discover more than one solution in a problem)
Analytical Capacity (It decomposes the whole in its parts and establishes the function of each one of the parts with the others).
Ability to work in a group.
Serendipity (ability to discover something that was not sought).
Conceptual Design (large-outline design of something).
Communication Capacity (oral, written and visual).
Domain of several technical languages.
Management of human, social, artistic and ethical aspects.
Engineers must recognize that the life, safety, health and well-being of the population depend on their judgment.
Do not approve blueprints or specifications that do not have a safe design.
Periodic safety and reliability checks should be performed.
To Provide productive services to the community.
Commit to improve the environment.
Engineers must provide services in their areas of competence.
They Must issue public reports. Information should be expressed in a clear and honest way.
They Must create their professional reputation on the merits of their services.
Do Not Use tax or private equipment for personal use.
To Increase the honor, integrity and dignity of the profession.
It Should continue with professional development (Continuing education).
Support professional societies.
Use ingenuity to solve problems.
Be aware of your responsibility in your work.
You Must know the scientific theories to explain the facts and act on them.
Types of Engineering
The Development of the Industrial Engineering is located in the application of techniques, methods and procedures in all the factors that intervene in Direction, Processes, Distribution and Application to the Production and of Services to it and in the whole Company or Organization where You act.
It Is a discipline or area of computing or computer science, which offers method and techniques to develop and maintain quality software that solves problems of all kinds.
Nowadays It is increasingly the consideration of Software Engineering as a new area of the engineer, and the software engineer begins to be a profession implanted in the international Labor world, with rights, duties and responsibilities that To fulfill, together with one, and recognized social consideration in the business world and, fortunately, for those people with bright future.
It Is A branch of genetics that focuses on the study of DNA, but in order to manipulate it. In other words, it is the genetic manipulation of organisms with a predetermined purpose.
At this point we will deepen the knowledge about the methods of gene manipulation. The purpose with which these manipulations are made will be discussed later, when the scopes of this science are analyzed.
Also called by many authors simultaneous engineering, is a phenomenon that appears in the early 1980s in Japan and arrives in Europe through America, primarily the United States, at the end of that decade.
The Concurrent engineering that is now addressed is a philosophy based on computer systems and, like the vast majority of these systems, their fundamental contribution is a very evolved way of dealing with the available information.
In general terms, chemical engineering is the application of science, in particular, chemistry, physics, biology and mathematics, to the process of converting raw materials or chemical products into more useful, usable or higher value products.
In more precise terms, you can say that:
Chemical Engineering is the branch of Engineering dedicated to the study, synthesis, development, design, operation and optimization of all industrial processes that produce physical, chemical and/or biochemical changes in the materials.
It Is defined as the branch of engineering that is in charge of the design of technologies designed to prevent and control the pollution of the environment caused by the activities of the man, as well as to reverse its effects.
It Is The branch of engineering that applies the knowledge of physics, chemistry, calculus and geology to the elaboration of infrastructures, hydraulic and transport works. The denomination «Civil» is due to its differentiated origin of the military engineering.
It Is The branch of engineering that applies the foundations of computer science, electronics and software engineering, for the development of Integral computing and communications solutions, capable of processing information automatically.
The set of skills, techniques and hoaxes used by cyber criminals to deceive their victims and while computer security has evolved greatly, the creators of malware, spammers and others have also been refining and implementing new techniques To achieve their ends.
However the constant and factor to be exploited that has always been there is social engineering, which focuses on that, in a total security system there will always be a gap or a weakness, the human factor.
It Is so that people will always be considered in the most susceptible link to break the great chain that protects the safety of the equipment, there is no PC or computer device that does not have a minimum of human intervention.
It Is A mode of interdisciplinary approach that allows to study and to understand the reality, with the purpose of implementing or optimizing complex systems. It Can Be seen as the technological application of systems theory to all engineering efforts. Adopting in all this work the systemic paradigm.
Systems engineering is part of other disciplines and specialty groups in a team effort, forming a structured development process.
It Is A branch of engineering, which applies the exact sciences. Specifically the physical principles thermodynamics, mechanics, materials science. Fluid mechanics and structural analysis for the design and analysis of various elements used today.
Such as machinery for various purposes (thermal, hydraulic, transport, manufacturing). As well as ventilation systems, terrestrial, aerial and maritime motor vehicles, among other applications.
Also Called agronomic engineering. It is the set of knowledge of various applied sciences that govern the practice of agriculture and livestock. In This science the objective is to improve the quality of the processes of the agricultural production. Based on scientific and technological principles.
It Studies the physical, chemical, biological, economic and social factors that influence or affect the productive process. Its object of study is the complex phenomenon or social process of the agroecosystem. This is understood as the specific model of human intervention in nature, for the purposes of food production and raw material.
It’S A branch of engineering, which uses electricity. Specifically the electronics to solve engineering problems such as the control of industrial processes. The transformation of electricity for the operation of various devices and has application in the industry. In telecommunications, as well as in the design and analysis of electronic instrumentation, microcontrollers and microprocessors.
Engineering and Humanity
At the beginning of the 21ST century engineering in its very diverse fields has managed to explore the planets of the Solar System with a high degree of detail. The explorers that are introduced to the planetary surface stand out. He has also created a team capable of defeating the world Chess Champion.
Has managed to communicate the planet in fractions of a second. has generated the Internet. and the ability for a person to connect to this network from anywhere on the planet’s surface using a laptop and satellite phone. He has supported and allowed countless advances in medical, astronomical, chemical and general science.
Thanks to the engineering, automatic and semi-automatic machines have been created capable of producing with very little human aid large quantities of products like food, automobiles and mobile phones.
Despite the advances in engineering, humanity has failed to eliminate the planet’s hunger. Much less poverty, being avoidable the death of a child in three in the year 2005. However, besides being this an engineering problem. It is mainly a problem of a social, political and economic nature.
A negative aspect that has generated the engineering and competes largely to solve it is the environmental impact. That many processes and products emanating from these disciplines have generated and it is the duty and task of engineering to contribute to solve the problem.
Skills Required for Engineering
To develop in the world of engineering requires interest and aptitude for basic sciences and mathematics. Ability to apply them to practical problems; Visualize relationships. Describe them in words and interpret the results in terms of objectives.
But fundamentally what is required is an analytical mind, creativity and common sense. The purpose of engineering education is to liberate, develop and train these skills and skills.
Importance of Engineering
As we have defined here. Engineering is in charge of applying the scientific knowledge and inventions that man makes to constructions. Giving a use and utility to the society or users of those buildings.
This means using ingenuity in the discoveries and advances made in a pragmatic and agile way. Because engineering is a limited activity or enclosed in your time and resources around us or we are able to exploit.
Although the Importance of Engineering and its study within a field of knowledge can be said to be initiated at the beginning of the Industrial Revolution. It really is the pillar of the INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION and modern societies.
But really the Importance of Engineering has always been there since man becomes sedentary. That is to say from the Origin of man. This one already begins to use tools and knowledge, that although archaic or primitive. They help you improve your life and environment.
In short, Engineering must bear in mind that their inventions must have a technical and scientific basis. And suppose a substantial improvement for man and society
But What is clear is that engineering has applications in all fields. So its Definition and Characteristics can vary from some specialties to others.
In Short, one of the Characteristics of Engineering is that it is always necessary, in all areas of activity or specialties. But it has a fundamental role in the Construction of all kinds of works.