The exquisiteness that we taste with the products of the sea is not something left to chance in these times. It has been a few decades since the procedures have been specialized to optimize the fruits that the seas and some waters of rivers provide us.
From Biological Explorations to the most advanced fishing techniques, they have been perfected with the arrival of the Fishing Engineering in the classrooms of the universities of many countries.
What is Fisheries Engineering?
Today This specialty is the cornerstone of a multinational cutting industry that provides food to a large part of the world’s population.
The Seafood and exotic fish, which are present at our tables, go through the purifying hands of these engineers, who together with the artisan fishermen exploit the resources of the sea properly.
This article shows that consuming the delicious products of the sea is not only thanks to the fisherman, behind him there is a whole multidisciplinary team that makes it possible, and to which is due to a great extent the quality and quantity of the same.
It Is conceived as the branch of engineering that focuses on the study and exploration of the group of activities associated with the extraction, maintenance, innovation, packaging, distribution, management, marketing and cultivation of hydrobiological species, whether freshwater or sea .
In other words, It experiences the most suitable techniques for the conversion and extraction of hydro-biological resources, thus achieving a better exploitation of these. Its objective is to abocar and to improve all types of fishing, marine cultivation and inland waterways.
It Is a race bound totally to the food difficulties of the marine waters. It Has many possibilities of work, since the companies request specialists, however, there are not many technicians or engineers in the field of the fishing.
In Terms of food, this race is similar to agro-food engineering, since both are pursuing the food needs of the population, one with aquatic resources and the other with the resources of the Earth.
The Professional graduate of this specialty is highly competent for the scientific and technological assimilation of the aquatic environment; It runs fishing programs and activities. It diagnoses and explores marine ecosystems, for the purpose of improving the utilization, and then the innovation for its consumption.
It Is responsible for the management of living aquatic resources, so that fishing, aquaculture and related activities are developed in a sustainable way, valuing and exploring the aspects, technological, economic, social, biological, Environmental and commercial.
Fisheries Engineering, labor camp
You might think that the career field of this race is reduced by the specifics of the area it is dedicated to, but it is not. It Is as broad as the agricultural or the livestock.
This Engineer has the following organizations, entities of the State or companies where to develop their knowledge.
National and foreign companies, oriented to the cultivation of hydrobiological organisms (molluscs, crustaceans, fish, aquatic plants, and others) in the coast, mountains and jungle of the countries, both of the sea and of fresh water.
Institutions focused on the production of investment projects in the field of aquaculture; Research and solution of difficulties in the fields of: water quality (mining tailings and others); Elaboration and formulation of food for the species of cultivation.
Invention in breeding systems for trout and tilapia (floating cages and ponds), prawns, river prawns, fan shells, Paiche, Gamitan, etc.; Care of diseases of hydro-biological organisms; Genetic optimization.
Adhered value of aquaculture products (canned, salted, smoked dry, etc.); Environmental impact studies. It is Worth noting that these studies are also carried out in the agri engineering career.
Non-governmental Organizations, national and foreign, focused on the support and training of communities in self-sustainability programs.
To Practise teaching in public or private entities.
Free exercise of the profession or creation of its own company for the production cultivation and commercialization of hydro-biological products.
In Summary, they can be performed in the following institutions:
Preparation of fishmeal and fish oil
Freezing and refrigeration of fish
Preserves of hydro-biological products.
Design and manufacturing Industries of fishing gear and equipment.
National Marine Exploration Agency.
Public and private fisheries research and exploration Institutions.
State-oriented fisheries development Agencies.
Government Agencies and banking institutions, providing their service as advisor or responsible for investment projects associated with fishing.
Education Institutions at the middle and upper level, training technicians and professionals in your area.
It Is Worth Noting that the Fishing Engineer has great possibilities for job development. Over time will increase your salary, which depends on the professional quality you have and your professional vocation.
The Engineer graduated in this House of higher studies has a high preparation to join the industries dedicated to the tracing, manufacture and manipulation of fishing gear and devices.
Likewise, they have great opportunities to be employed in companies associated with the management, preservation and marketing of marine foods and the coordination and operation of fishing fleets. In Public and private industries they can devote themselves to research and fishing exploration.
In State dependencies or in banking institutions, they can provide their services as consultants or managers of investment projects associated with fishing, preservation and marketing of fishery resources.
The fishing companies, artisan and industrial, require a fishing engineer as a guarantor of captures or production manager. In the teaching or research area of education centers, at the middle or higher level, their services are important in the training of technicians and professionals. They Also have the versatility of shaping and managing fishing companies creating their own jobs.
Profile of The Graduate
The Fishing Engineer is empowered to devote himself to the use and marketing of sea resources, trained to effectively develop fisheries engineering procedures, innovating and/or using pre-existing technology, with the management of human resources, materials and procedures, for the purpose of achieving products and services that solve the basic difficulties.
It Will Have a solvent training that will take it to be a generator of changes, with innovative and creative faculty, placed at the service of plans of exploitation and marketing of the fishing resource, with a view to achieve the development and the best quality of Communities ‘ lives.
The Technological-scientific support that the Fisheries Engineer can provide, will be provided by a solid training in specific basic subjects and specialization.
The Fishing Engineering career at this university has an intermediate exit as a University Technician, as specified below.
University Fishing Technician
As we have said, the pensum of the Fisheries Engineering study offers the alternative of achieving the intermediate degree of University Fishing Technician for the orientation of the degree course; Thus allowing a work out before completing the specialty.
This Technical Professional has a university academic preparation that provides them with the ideal tools for the sustainable use and marketing of the aquatic living resources, capacity to operate efficiently procedures of Fishing engineering, employing existing technology, employing human resources, procedures and materials in order to achieve inputs and services that contribute to the solution of basic difficulties.
The Fishery Engineer can work in fishing industries, offering consultancy to companies in the planning for fishing and the production of products based on marine species.
May exercise the planning, practice and appraisal of projects associated with fisheries and food sciences; You can also practise as a university teacher or develop the free exercise of the profession. Perhaps a good ally of this Engineer is the agricultural engineer Zootecnista, for the study of marine species.