Mechanics this speciality of civil engineering is about putting metal or mineral materials at the service of the citizen’s life. Through an industrial process, for which this professional has the best tools. Hence the continuous improvements in the quality of life of society.
Through the repeated technological innovations. This transcendental feature of this specialty, which is quite unknown. It confers a particular contribution to humanity. No doubt that metallurgical civil engineering should be postulated as a scientific patrimony of humanity.
What is metallurgical civil Engineering?
We have Always heard about metallurgical and its importance to a country, but what it is about metallurgical civil engineering. As This is a specialty of engineering that is responsible for intervening the metallic and non-metallic elements that contain the minerals through physical and chemical processes, for the purpose of destined to the production of alloys with other materials for Produce new products that are used on a daily basis or in the industry.
In This sense we can say that the objectives of this race are to develop materials and products with the highest quality and economy, and to manufacture new products, to satisfy the demands of the industry, the environment and the health of the inhabitants.
It Is for this reason that with the perforation, the treatment and the fusion of these materials for the elaboration of alloys it is achieved to obtain elements for the constructions, the work with metals or for various products used in the daily life, in addition to the conversion in Finished products (metal forming).
In Addition, they are also located within the metallurgy electrolytic interactions, thermal procedures, manufacture of alloys and other aspects specifically associated with metals. Likewise, as for non-metals the elaboration of ceramics, refractory and diversity of crystals.
In this sense, the progress of mining activity requires Engineers with tools capable of facing a world in constant change. Identified by a more complex mineralogy over the years, a decrease in the law of minerals and the most intense environmental regulations. That Is why engineers are formed with a solid foundation in Basic Sciences and Engineering, which allows them to tackle technological changes and incorporate knowledge of futuristic projection.
Many universities offer in this race a specialization in extraction metallurgy, and training to be innovative agents within the Organization, in order to optimize the metallurgical responses of the processes.
In Addition, they offer adequate training in the economic and human resources area, to encourage interaction with other professionals, projecting the improvement of the mining business in the global environment.
Metallurgical processes comprise the following phases:
To Obtain a metal starting from the mineral that contains it in natural state, away from of the gangue(material that is discarded when extracting a mineral).
Elimination of the remaining impurities in the metal (refining).
Manufacture of Alloys.
Other metal manipulations for ease of use.
Main Operations of metal procurement:
Physical Operations: centrifugation, decanting, flotation, dissolving, crushing, grinding, filtering (pressurized or vacuum), distillation, drying, physical precipitation.
Chemical Operations: roasting, oxidation, reduction, hydrometallurgy, electrolysis, hydrolysis, leaching by acid-base reactions, chemical precipitation, electrodeposition and cyanidation.
Treatment methods depend on the product you want to get. Basically, the procedure begins with the section of the ore economically usable mineral segment, of the waste materials ( gangue), which is usually made up of clay and other silicates. This is usually used In the flotation technique, where the ore is milled and cast in water with different types of oil and detergent.
When the mixture is whipped, a foam will be generated to separate, with the help of the oil, the crumbs of the mineral in a selective way, jostling towards the surface of the foam and releasing in the bottom the gangue.
Another technique of flotation is Also applied that consists in using the magnetic characteristics of the minerals, what is usually done through magnets, in view of which the minerals are ferromagnetic, so the magnet attracts the mineral and leaves the bargain.
What does the Metallurgical Civil Engineer
They Are Specialists in the conversion of minerals into useful materials to improve the quality of life of the citizen. Copper to transfer energy, steel for construction, alloys for the aeronautical industry or high-tech electronic materials from the Earth’s crust. He Is a direct ally of the mining engineering professional.
The progressive insufficiency of minerals, water and energy generates great difficulties for innovation in the mining industry for the purpose of supplying returnable materials at low prices, in excellent working conditions and without affecting the environment, which They can be used as raw material for the production or manufacture of finished products for everyday use.
It Is there that the figure of the metallurgical engineer has its greatest challenge to produce those suitable materials demanded by society. This Professional is based on the physical peculiarities of the materials and manages that they are used in works of construction, tools, machinery, or any necessary input for the company.
It Tackles the areas of extractive metallurgy and mineral conversion, employing the extraction and sanitation of metals based on their minerals, as well as their procedure to achieve a finished product in the form, characteristics and quality sought.
It Manipulates metals and alloys, plastic elements, ceramics, composite or molten materials, among others. It Manages advanced processing and conversion techniques, as well as innovative production processes.
It Dominates the knowledge of the atomic and molecular structure of the matter, and of the characteristics, behavior and use of all kinds of materials. It also Has general instructions in administration, finances and general accounting, also of ecology.
Metallurgical Engineer Functions
Identification, improvement, implementation, operation and evaluation of industrial processes of extractive metallurgy.
Define, choose, establish, evaluate and operate metallurgical, electrochemical and thermal procedures procedures.
Identify, collate, examine, evaluate, establish and operate plastic forming procedures of metallic materials.
Identify, study, assess and avoid the failures of metal elements that bear load.
To Specify, collate, examine, experiment and choose materials for industrial use.
Metallurgical Civil Engineering Labor Field
The graduate of Metallurgical Civil Engineering has defined his work field especially in the metallic and non-metallic mining of a country, joining to productive industries like those of technologies and services.
The positions they may occupy relate to the processes in the different phases of the extraction metallurgy as in the field of administration and management.
An important segment of work is that of research and technological development basically related to Universities and Research Centers. Because of their training, they can also participate in mining in any country.
Company of polymers, plastics, conventional ceramic materials, fibers, refractory and advanced ceramics.
Automotive, railway and transport Industry in general.
Thermal or nuclear power production Plants.
Aeronautical, naval or aerospace Industry.
Universities and related educational institutions.
Consultancy and free exercise of the profession.
In These activities you must interact with the professionals of mechanical civil engineering or industrial civil engineering, among others.